For many people, weakened and injured muscle groups severely impact upon their quality of life, most notably when an injury affects the spine. However, there are measures which can be taken to reduce the pain and damage caused by a spinal injury. A popular measure is therapeutic exercises, which are repetitive strengthening manoeuvres which are designed to develop the injured and weakened muscle groups which support the spine. Research has shown that stretching impacted muscle groups reduce the risks of strain injury and are beneficial in pain management.
How therapeutic exercise works:
In order to understand how therapeutic exercises work, it is necessary to understand the basics of the spine. The individual bones of the spine are held into place by muscles and ligaments, which allow the spine to move and stretch. Correct motion and positioning of these bones are vital for the nervous system to work correctly for healthy posture and overall good health. When the muscles or ligaments get damaged, it can cause severe pain and discomfort. Whilst it is always recommended to visit a physician if you begin to suffer ligament or muscle pain, there are numerous measures you can take at home, including therapeutic exercise. The stretches and exercise help to re-pattern and condition these connective tissues back into their correct position, as well as aiding flexibility which decreases the likelihood of sustaining another spinal injury.
Why therapeutic exercise is necessary:
Therapeutic exercise is necessary as it strengthens the muscles and increases their flexibility. It has been scientifically proven in many medical journals that stretching the muscles decreases the risk of further injury due to the increased flexibility of the muscles. Moreover, the spinal muscles may be weakened due to injury and may need some light exercise in order to build back up adequate muscle mass to support the weight. Therapeutic stretches are one of the best ways to add muscle mass and elasticity without over-straining and risking further injury. Furthermore, scar tissue often changes the strength of supporting muscle tissue before patients have the sought out medical help.
What can be expected from therapeutic exercises?
If the proper exercises are followed consistently in correct form, an improvement in flexibility is one of the main benefits to be expected. As a result of this, less pain around the injured muscle and ligaments is likely to occur. Although it’s important to note that results take time and that caution should always be taken. If sharp pains are felt whilst performing the exercises, it is always recommended to stop. Whilst some pain is likely given the damage, one should not push themselves too hard, as this may serve to worsen the injury. Over time, the muscle and ligaments should begin to heal and realign as a result of the stretches. Benefits include improved posture, less pain, increased flexibility, and a better athletic performance.
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For further reading, visit: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26125174